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TRADITIONAL FARMING VS CONVENTIONAL FARMING

TRADITIONAL FARMING VS CONVENTIONAL FARMING

Conventional farming is the approach of farming that includes the use of insecticides and different chemical compounds to get the best feasible yield of crops. The chemical compounds seep into the soil and input the food chain at a couple of points. Conventionally drawn meals that land on our tables can also be weighted down with insecticides which can be dangerous to our health. Conventional farming’s purpose is to make certain meals safe, although that may be finished via genetically modified organisms (GMOs).

On the other hand, conventional farming practices are primarily based totally on indigenous expertise and have advanced over the centuries and features remain famous even now. Common conventional farming practices encompass agroforestry, intercropping, crop rotation, cover cropping, conventional natural composting, incorporated crop-animal farming, transferring cultivation, and slash-and-burn farming. There are numerous advantages to these practices, such as improved soil fertility, carbon sequestration, resource utilization, biodiversity maintenance, sustainability, and environment protection. 

Traditional farming is getting international interest for being a source of sustainable food manufacturing in times of environmental degradation and want for secure food manufacturing. These strategies are farm-focused, enhancing the natural fertility of the farm. Organic farming has the goal of enhancing fertility, fitness, and protection of the soil, retaining the surroundings, and imparting humans with high-nutrient crops, free from chemicals. Organic farming is an agricultural device that makes use of ecologically based pest controls and organic fertilizers derived largely from animal and plant wastes and nitrogen-fixing cover crops. 

There are numerous advantages to these practices, such as improved soil fertility, carbon sequestration, resource utilization, biodiversity maintenance, sustainability, and environmental protection, there are also bad implications associated with a few practices such as slash-and-burn activities in shifting agriculture. 

PUNJAB AND ITS ORGANIC FARMING

Punjab has been selected in the category of the best state government “Jaivik India Award”.Awareness of the harmful effects of the use of pesticides has led to a growing interest in organic farming among farmers in Punjab therefore successfully Punjab has brought 8000 acres of land under certified organic production with thousands of farmers.

A PEEK INTO TRADITIONAL PRACTICES IN PUNJAB

High productivity, biodiversity conservation, low energy inputs, and climate change mitigation are some of the salient features of traditional agriculture systems. The modern techniques of agriculture have excessive dependence on chemical additives,  which deteriorate the soil quality and also harm water bodies. In Punjab farmers follow traditional practices like agroforestry, intercropping, crop rotation, cover cropping, traditional organic composting, and integrated crop-animal farming, these don’t require any chemical fertilizers. These practices have the potential for enhancing crop productivity and sustaining climate change.

The traditional method of oil extraction by kohlu or ghani is still practiced in Punjab. The oil extracted through modern methods using machinery has deficient nutrient content compared to the oil extracted from the traditional method. These oils are extracted from oilseeds like sunflower, coconut, or mustard seeds without applying heat. When heat is applied, the flavor and the nutritional quality get degraded. This method involves crushing the seeds or nuts and forcing out the oil through pressure.

The bilona ghee is the traditional method of making ghee in Punjab. Firstly Cow’s milk is boiled and then cooled. A spoonful of curd is added to this milk and kept at room temperature overnight. The curd is then churned to extract butter from it. This butter is then boiled so that the water evaporates leaving behind pure ghee. These are some of the practices that make the food production in Punjab exceptional and healthy.

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